Californie

16 mai 2019 01:25; Act: 16.05.2019 01:32 Print

Les lignes électriques à la source du feu à Paradise

L'incendie meurtrier de novembre à Paradise a bien été déclenché par des lignes électriques, selon les pompiers.

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L'incendie meurtrier de novembre à Paradise a bien été déclenché par des lignes électriques, selon les pompiers. (15 mai 2019) Après plus de deux semaines, l'incendie le plus meurtrier de Californie a été entièrement maîtrisé dimanche. (Dimanche 25 novembre 2018) A Paradise, ravagée par le «Camp Fire», la pluie complique le travail des équipes qui recherchent les restes humains. (Samedi 24 novembre 2018) De la pluie prévue mardi en Californie pourrait provoquer des glissements de terrain dans les zones sinistrées par les feux. (20 novembre 2018) Quelque 27'000 habitants ont dû évacuer une zone du nord de la Californie après un nouvel incendie de forêt. (Jeudi 8 novembre 2018) Des flammes s'élèvent dans une ferme située sur la commune de Guinda, près de Sacarmento. (dimanche 1er juillet) Près de Lakeport. Un ranch à Clearlake Oaks. Près de Lakeport. Les pompiers californiens doivent bien souvent se contenter de contenir les flammes. (Lundi 30 juillet 2018) Près de Redding en California, les flammes ont été sans pitié. (Lundi 30 juillet 2018) Les gigantesques incendies en Californie ont déjà fait au moins sept morts depuis jeudi alors que 12'000 pompiers s'employaient toujours lundi à lutter contre les différents brasiers qui, alimentés par la sécheresse, ont déjà dévoré des milliers d'hectares. (30 juillet 2018) La saison des incendies se poursuit en Californie avec un nouveau feu qui menace le parc national de Yosemite. (Mardi 17 juillet 2018) Des incendies continuaient mardi à ravager des parties de la Californie, attisés par des vents violents sous une forte chaleur. (3 juillet 2018) Des pompiers utilisant un canadair à Esparto dans le County Fire près de Sacramento. (samedi 30 juin) Des pompiers utilisant un canadair à Esparto dans le County Fire près de Sacramento. (lundi 2 juillet) Des flammes s'élèvent dans une ferme située sur la commune de Guinda, près de Sacarmento. (dimanche 1er juillet) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Des flammes envahissent une prairie de Guinda où des troupeaux de vaches paissent, près de Sacramento. (lundi 2 juillet). ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant on a hillside ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, which started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant on a hillside ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, which started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant near a structure ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, that started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == A wildfire burns grasses at a livestock ranch in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant near a structure ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, that started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == A wildfire burns grasses at a livestock ranch in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant on a hillside ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, which started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant near a structure ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, that started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Flames rise around an outbuilding as the County fire burns in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) A wildfire burns grasses at a livestock ranch in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) A wildfire burns grasses at a livestock ranch in Guinda, Calif., Sunday July 1, 2018. Evacuations were ordered as dry, hot winds fueled a wildfire burning out of control Sunday in rural Northern California, sending a stream of smoke some 75 miles (120 kilometers) south into the San Francisco Bay Area. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant on a hillside ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, which started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant on a hillside ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, which started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant near a structure ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, that started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == ESPARTO, CA - JULY 02: A firefighting air tanker drops Foscheck fire retardant near a structure ahead of the County Fire on July 2, 2018 in Esparto, California. The fast moving County Fire, that started on Saturday afternoon, has scorched nearly 45,000 acres as it continues to burn through dry grass and brush. The fire is currently 3 percent contained and has not burned any homes. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP == FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == Plusieurs milliers d'hectares étaient en proie aux flammes depuis samedi après-midi dans le Comté de Yolo. (mardi 2 juillet) L'incendie de Brooks, en Californie a ravagé des dizaines de milliers d'hectares. Seulement 5% de la zone en feu a pu être maîtrisée. (lundi 1er juillet) Seulement 5% de l'incendie ont pu être circonscrits mardi dans la région de Guinda, près de Sacramento. Des renforts toujours plus nombreux arrivent à Guinda pour tenter de maîtriser le feu. (mardi 2 juillet)

Une faute?

L'incendie qui a détruit en novembre dernier la petite ville de Paradise, dans le nord de la Californie, faisant 85 morts et ravageant plus de 60'000 hectares de végétation, a été causé par des lignes électriques appartenant au fournisseur d'énergie PG&E, selon les conclusions de l'enquête menée par les pompiers.

Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), basée à San Francisco, avait déjà reconnu que ses installations étaient probablement à l'origine de cette catastrophe, baptisée «Camp Fire», qui s'était déclenchée à l'aube du 8 novembre 2018.

«Après une enquête très méticuleuse et poussée», le département des forêts et de lutte contre les incendies (CalFire) «a déterminé que le Camp Fire a été provoqué par des lignes électriques appartenant et dépendant de la Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E)», écrivent les pompiers dans un communiqué publié mercredi.

Le plus meurtrier de l'histoire

Selon les enquêteurs de CalFire, la végétation très sèche et un vent fort ont notamment contribué à la propagation «extrêmement rapide» de ce feu, qui a rejoint un peu plus loin un autre point d'incendie, là encore provoqué par des lignes de PG&E.

«Le Camp Fire est l'incendie le plus meurtrier et le plus destructeur de l'histoire de la Californie», assurent les pompiers, rappelant qu'il a réduit en cendres plus de 18'800 bâtiments.

Le rapport d'enquête n'a pas été rendu public mais transmis aux services du procureur du comté de Butte, chargé des investigations et qui doit décider des suites judiciaires.

Vers des poursuites pénales

Ces conclusions des pompiers pourraient aboutir à des poursuites pénales contre PG&E, visée par de nombreuses plaintes de victimes, de sociétés d'assurances ou de collectivités locales qui l'accusent de négligences chroniques dans la gestion de ses installations.

Déjà condamné à plusieurs reprises pour ses manquements, le fournisseur d'énergie a notamment été reconnu coupable de 739 cas de «négligence criminelle» pour un incendie en 1994. Si sa responsabilité dans le Camp Fire devait être établie, PG&E s'exposerait à plusieurs dizaines de milliards de dollars d'indemnités.

Fin janvier, la société a d'ailleurs pris les devants en se mettant en faillite sous la protection du «chapitre 11», une disposition de la loi américaine qui permet à une organisation de continuer à fonctionner normalement à l'abri de ses créanciers.

(nxp/afp)