Manifestations

07 juin 2019 23:47; Act: 08.06.2019 01:15 Print

Nouveau vendredi de mobilisation en Algérie

Pour le premier vendredi depuis l'annulation de la présidentielle, les Algériens ont massivement manifesté.

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Les manifestants étaient nombreux à Alger, pour le premier vendredi depuis l'annulation de la présidentielle. (Vendredi 7 juin 2019) La contestation populaire pacifique contre le régime politique en Algérie a commencé se poursuit toujours. Les slogans scandés sont percutants, humoristiques, très politique. Avec ce 'Dégage' «Ni couronne ni bridge... L'extraction» L'art de détourner des marques commerciales. Ici l'imagede fin des dessins animés Warner Bros. Ou d'un célèbre cigarettier Contre le 5è mandat Une manifestante au parfum Les Daltons convoqués à Alger. Algerian journalists take part in a rally to protest against alleged censorship of coverage of protests against a fifth term for veteran President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algiers on February 28, 2019. - Algerian police arrested a dozen journalists participating in the rally, as around 100 print and broadcast journalists, working for both state-owned and private outlets, joined the demonstration in central Algiers against reporting restrictions they say have been imposed by media bosses on the protests that broke out last Friday. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) An Algerian woman, draped in a national flag takes part in an anti government demonstration in the capital Algiers on April 23, 2019. - Protesters staged their tenth weekly mass rally, galvanised by the departure of longtime president Abdelaziz Bouteflika but vowing to keep up their demands for sweeping reforms. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) Algerian protesters demonstrate against their ailing president's bid for a fifth term in power, in Algiers on March 8, 2019. - (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) Algerians take part in a demonstration against ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in the capital Algiers on March 22, 2019. - Bouteflika said on February 22 he would run for a fifth term in April 18 elections, despite concerns about his ability to rule. The 82-year-old uses a wheelchair and has rarely appeared in public since suffering a stroke in 2013. Following initial protests, he made the surprise announcement on March 11 that he was pulling out of the race -- and also postponed the polls. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) An Algerian flashes the victory gesture as he poses for a picture during an anti-government demonstration in the capital Algiers on April 5, 2019. - Algerians were gathered today for the first mass protests since the resignation of ailing president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, in a key test of whether the momentum for reform can be maintained. Opponents of the old regime have called for a massive turnout, targeting a triumvirate they dub the '3B' -- Abdelakder Bensalah, Tayeb Belaiz and Prime Minister Noureddine Bedoui. (Photo by - / AFP) Algerian health care professionals take part in a demonstration in the capital Algiers against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika on March 19, 2019. The placard reads in French: ' He prolongs his term, we prolong our struggle'. - Bouteflika today confirmed he will stay in power beyond his term expiring next month, despite tens of thousands of people demonstrating against his rule. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) A woman shows a board reading 'Peaceful' as she demonstrates in Algiers, Friday, March 8, 2019. A festive crowd of thousands of protesters marched through central Algiers to protest President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's hold on power. The protesters are challenging Bouteflika's fitness to run for a fifth term in next month's election. (AP Photo/Anis Belghoul) Algerian students demonstrate at Algiers' school of medicine on March 3, 2019 against ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's bid for a fifth term. - Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika pledged Sunday not to serve a full term if re-elected at April polls after huge protests against his bid to extend his 20 years in power. The ailing leader vowed in an 11th-hour letter read out on state television to organise a 'national conference' that would set a date for early polls which he would not contest. The announcement came after hundreds of students staged new protests Sunday in the Algerian capital and other cities against a fifth term ahead of a midnight deadline for candidates to register for the 18 April vote. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) Protesters hold Algerian national flags during a rally against ailing Algerian president's decision to stand for a fifth term in office, on March 3, 2019, in the French capital Paris. - The confirmation on February 10 that Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika would contest a fifth term sparked a series of protests in the North African country. (Photo by JACQUES DEMARTHON / AFP) Algerian students demonstrate in the capital Algiers on March 5, 2019 against ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's bid for a fifth term. - Algerians yesterday dismissed President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's promise to quit early if re-elected for a fifth time in April and eyed fresh protests to push him from office. The ailing leader, who suffered a stroke in 2013, vowed in a letter read out on state television late Sunday to organise a 'national conference' that would set a date for further polls which he would not contest. (Photo by RYAD KRAMDI / AFP) Students carry banners and chant slogans during a demonstration in Algiers, Algeria, Tuesday, April 16, 2019. President of the Algerian Constitutional Council Tayeb Belaiz resigned on Tuesday amid mass protests in the country demanding for his departure. 'Belaiz notified the members of the Constitutional Council, during a meeting held Tuesday, that he presented his resignation to the interim president Abdelkader Bensalah,' the council said in a statement. (AP Photo/Fateh Guidoum) A teacher holds a placard during a protest in Algiers, Algeria, Wednesday, March 13, 2019. Algerian teachers gathered outside the central post office in the capital Algiers to protest President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's decision to delay next month's presidential election. (AP Photo/Anis Belghoul) A teacher holds a placard during a protest in Algiers, Algeria, Wednesday, March 13, 2019. Algerian teachers gathered outside the central post office in the capital Algiers to protest President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's decision to delay next month's presidential election. (AP Photo/Anis Belghoul) People protest against Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who wants to run for a fifth term, at the headquarters of the office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) at the Palais Wilson, in Geneva, Switzerland, on Saturday, March 9, 2019. Bouteflika has been hospitalized at the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) since the end of February. (KEYSTONE/Martial Trezzini) An algerians woman holds a placards that reads, 'we need to disinfected the system' during a protest in Algiers, Algeria, Tuesday, March 19, 2019. Thousands of students, doctors, dentists and veterinarians have marched in the Algerian capital to demand that President Abdelaziz Bouteflika step down. (AP Photo/Anis Belghoul) epa07471379 Algerians protest against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algiers, Algeria, 29 March 2019. Protests continue in Algeria despite Algeria's president announcement on 11 March that he will not run for a fifth Presidential term and postponement of presidential elections previously scheduled for 18 April 2019 until further notice. EPA/MOHAMED MESSARA epa07470382 Algerians protest against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algiers, Algeria, 29 March 2019. Protests continue in Algeria despite President Bouteflika's announcement on 11 March that he will not run for a fifth presidential term. President Bouteflika also postponed the presidential elections, previously scheduled for 18 April 2019, until further notice. EPA/MOHAMED MESSARA A demonstrator holds a sign with conjugations of the French neologism 'Vendredire' during a rally in Algiers, Friday April 5, 2019. The neologism combines the French word 'Vendredi' (Friday) with 'dire' (say) to refer to a joyful demonstration and a peaceful transition of government. Thousands of Algerians were chanting, singing and cheering after their movement forced out longtime President Abdelaziz Bouteflika - and demanded that other top figures leave too. (AP Photo/Fateh Guidoum) A demonstrator holds a sign reading 'The Streets Won't Be Silenced' during a rally in Algiers, Friday April 5, 2019. Thousands of Algerians are chanting, singing and cheering after their movement forced out longtime President Abdelaziz Bouteflika - and demanding that other top figures leave too. Crowds massed Friday in Algiers boulevards and headed toward the central post office, symbol of the movement that has upended this energy-rich North African country. (AP Photo/Toufik Doudou) epa07496032 Algerian protesters hold banners during a protest against interim president Abdelkader Bensalah, in Algiers, Algeria, 10 April 2019. Algerian protesters took to the street after Algerian lawmakers of the two houses of the Parliament on 09 April named Bensalah as interim president after the resignation of Abdelaziz Bouteflika on 02 April following the constitutional rules. EPA/MOHAMED MESSARA

Une faute?

Les Algériens se sont massivement mobilisés pour un 16e vendredi consécutif, le premier depuis l'annulation de la présidentielle qu'ils rejetaient en bloc et après les déclarations du président par intérim réaffirmant sa volonté d'organiser un scrutin assez vite.

Un impressionnant déploiement policier dès la matinée dans le centre d'Alger n'a pas empêché une foule massive de converger après la grande prière musulmane hebdomadaire, en début d'après-midi, aux abords de la Grande Poste, point de ralliement de la contestation dans la capitale. Plusieurs centaines de personnes étaient déjà rassemblées en chantant «Y en a marre de ce pouvoir».

Les manifestants ont crié «dégagez!» à Abdelkader Bensalah, président par intérim, et au général Ahmed Gaïd Salah, chef d'état-major de l'armée devenu de facto l'homme fort du pays depuis la démission du président Abdelaziz Bouteflika, le 2 avril, sous la pression de ce mouvement de contestation inédit.

Difficile à évaluer avec précision, faute de comptage officiel, la mobilisation a semblé intacte à Alger où plusieurs artères du centre débordaient de manifestants, selon l'AFP. Le cortège s'est dispersé dans le calme en fin d'après-midi. Des manifestants ont également défilé à nouveau massivement dans de nombreuses autres villes du pays, selon des médias et les réseaux sociaux.

«Mascarade»

Après le départ de l'impopulaire premier ministre Ahmed Ouyahia, l'abandon d'un 5e mandat par M. Bouteflika puis sa démission après 20 ans au pouvoir, les manifestants qui défilent chaque vendredi depuis le 22 février ont à nouveau obtenu gain de cause, le 2 juin: le Conseil constitutionnel a constaté «l'impossibilité» de tenir le scrutin du 4 juillet, faute de candidats sérieux.

«Personne ne veut se présenter et participer à cette mascarade. Le pouvoir semble manquer de figure consensuelle» pour le représenter, «cela est évident aujourd'hui», note Dalia Ghanem Yazbeck, chercheuse au Carnegie Middle East Center basé à Beyrouth. C'est une victoire de la contestation «dans le sens où (l'élection) n'aura pas lieu» et «c'est ce que la rue voulait», explique la chercheuse, mais c'est aussi «un non-évènement car (l'élection) était, logistiquement parlant, impossible à organiser».

En outre, le chef de l'Etat par intérim, qui avait convoqué la présidentielle avortée, a maintenu jeudi soir le cap sans faire de concession à la contestation. Celle-ci exige avant tout scrutin le départ du pouvoir des anciens fidèles de M. Bouteflika - dont M. Bensalah lui-même - et des réformes politiques confiées à des institutions de transition.

Dans un discours télévisé, M. Bensalah a lui insisté pour une élection «dans les meilleurs délais» et chargé le futur président élu de mener les réformes réclamées. Quant au «dialogue» auquel il a appelé «la classe politique», largement discréditée aux yeux des manifestants, et une vague «société civile», il semble déjà rejeté par les manifestants à Alger.

Hors de tout cadre légal

Quoi qu'il en soit, M. Bensalah, à qui la Constitution a confié l'intérim pour 90 jours, n'aura personne à qui transmettre le pouvoir à l'issue de ce délai, le 9 juillet. Il sortira donc du «cadre constitutionnel» dont le haut commandement de l'armée, véritable détenteur du pouvoir, refusait jusqu'ici absolument de s'écarter.

Le président par intérim a invoqué la situation «exceptionnelle» pour justifier la prolongation de fait de son mandat jusqu'à l'élection d'un nouveau chef de l'Etat, hors de tout cadre légal.

C'est la 2e fois qu'une présidentielle est annulée en moins de trois mois en Algérie. Incapable de calmer la contestation née de sa volonté de briguer un 5e mandat, M. Bouteflika avait annulé celle du 18 avril, tentant lui aussi de gagner du temps en prolongeant sine die son mandat. Une manoeuvre qui avait démultiplié la colère.

(nxp/ats)